A comprehensive directory of the various Wine Regions found throughout the world. Find maps and wineries by region and additional information on the regions tourism and wine related resources.
There are seven continents in this world: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Europe, North America, South America, and Oceania. Wine is made on all but one of these continents. Therefore, our "World of Wine" consists out of the following six Continents
Did You Know
- over 50% of the World's vineyard acreage is located within Europe.
- Asia comes in second with over 20% of vine yard acreage planted.
- Europe produces the most grapes used for wine.
- the Americas produce the second largest amount of wine grapes
- per capita the most wine is consumed in the Vatican City State.
- one kilogram of grape will produce, around 0.7 liters of finished wine
- grape harvest can yield between 5 and 20 tons of grapes per ha.
- wine is made from the natural process of fermentation
- viticulture is the growing of grapes
- vinification is the process of turning grapes into wine
- must is grape juice and solids before fermentation
- stalks contain tannins that may give a bitter taste to the wine.
- skins contain coloring matters, aroma compounds, flavor constituents and tannins.
- vitis vinifera is the European and Central Asian species of grape vine
- grapevines can live for over 100 years
- density of planting- a high of 10 000 and as low as 2000 vines per hectare
- winter pruning is the most labour intensive activity in the vineyard
- vintage refers to when the grapes are picked and transferred to the winery
- grapes start to deteriorate from the moment they are picked.
- racking is the process of transferring juice or wine from one vessel to another
- cork is a natural product and comes from the bark of a type of evergreen oak tree
- the smaller the barrel the greater the surface to volume (wine) ratio
- and thus the greater the influence of the oak
- dry wines contain less than 4 grams of residual sugar per liter
- sweet wine must have no less than 45 residual sugar grams per liter
- the French system for labeling is according to the geographic origin
- the American system for labeling is based on the grape variety
- oak barrels can be used from one to four years after that they have little or no effect on the flavor of the wine
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